Simulate Monty hall problem using Python
Today I will give you a brief guide to applying Python to Mathematics World, on this tutorial you're going to simulate the Monty Hall problem in Python.
You might be wondering what the hell is this Monty Hall Problem?
The Monty Hall problem is a brain teaser, in the form of a probability puzzle, loosely based on the American television game.
Suppose you're on a game show, and you're given the choice of three doors: Behind one door is a car; behind the others, goats.
You pick a door, say No. 1, and the host, who knows what's behind the doors, opens another door, say No. 3 has a goat.
He then says to you, "Do you want to pick door No. 2?" Is it to your advantage to switch your choice?.
Well, It's upon your choice and luck to switch or stay with Door No 1 or switch to number 2, Mathematically the person who switches has twice the chance of winning a Car.
The concept is based on probability concentration. Initially when you choose door No 1. There is a 1/3 probability that the car is in that door and 2/3 in the other two.
But when the host another door on those two remaining and tell there is a goat, then the probability that there is car concentrate to the door No 2.
So Mathematically Switching would be a better idea.
Now we have already learned the concepts, It's time to simulate our idea in Python.
We are going to use the Python random Library to generate random choices and open doors containing goat and a simple tkinter widget to display the overall count.
import random from tkinter import StringVar , Label, Tk, Entry window = Tk() window.geometry('400x100') window.title('Monty hall simulation') window.resizable(0, 0) same_choice = StringVar() switched_choice = StringVar() same_choice.set(0) switched_choice.set(0) no_sample = Entry() Label(text='Same choice').place(x=80,y=8) Label(text ='Switched choice').place(x=80,y=40) Label(textvariable = same_choice, font =(15)).pack() Label(textvariable = switched_choice, font=(15)).pack() no_sample.pack() def simulate(event): same_choice_result = 0 switched_choice_result = 0 samples = int(no_sample.get()) doors = ['gold', 'goat', 'bed'] for _ in range(samples): simulated_doors = doors.copy() random.shuffle(simulated_doors) first_choice = random.choice(simulated_doors) simulated_doors.remove(first_choice) opened_door = simulated_doors if simulated_doors!='gold' else simulated_doors simulated_doors.remove(opened_door) switched_second_choice = simulated_doors if first_choice == 'gold': same_choice_result+=1 same_choice.set(same_choice_result) elif switched_second_choice == 'gold': switched_choice_result+=1 switched_choice.set(switched_choice_result) else: print('That\'s will never happed') no_sample.bind('<Return>', simulate) window.mainloop()
Enter the number of Simulation to be computed by the computer and then press Enter to run the Simulation
As you can see above Switched choice got as twice as chance compared to the one who stayed with the same choice.
Remember choice made in this Simulation is entirely random but still If you gonna try running the Simulation again, you probably gonna get resembling numbers perhaps not exact.
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